A Handbook Of Spatial Research Paradigms And Methodologies: by Nigel Foreman

By Nigel Foreman

Spatial cognition is a wide box of enquiry, rising from quite a lot of disciplines and incorporating a large choice of paradigms which have been hired with human and animal topics. This quantity is a part of a - quantity guide reviewing the foremost paradigms utilized in all of the participants' learn areas.; This quantity considers the problems of neurophysiological elements of spatial cognition, the review of cognitive spatial deficits bobbing up from neural harm in people and animals, and the remark of spatial behaviours in animals of their average habitats.; This guide might be of curiosity to new and outdated scholars alike. the coed new to spatial examine may be introduced up-to- velocity with a selected variety of options, made conscious of the historical past and pitfalls of specific methods, and directed towards beneficial assets. For pro researchers, the guide presents a quick experiment of the on hand instruments that they may desire to contemplate as possible choices whilst wishing to reply to a selected "spatial" study challenge.

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Indeed, it is often an assumption, even a matter of belief, that certain phenomena relate to a failure in visual-spatial functioning rather than to a more fundamental perceptual deficit. Nevertheless, the models employed by neuropsychologists generally embody an independent class of visual-spatial processes, which do receive some support both from the neuropsychological literature and from psychology more generally (see elsewhere in this Volume). On the hypothesis that this is valid, the attempt continues to isolate cases of pure visual-spatial deficits, uncontaminated by deficits in other functionally related skills.

These volumes should be of interest to new and old students alike; the student new to spatial research can be brought up-to-speed with a particular range of techniques, made aware of the background and pitfalls of particular approaches, and directed toward useful sources. For seasoned researchers, these volumes provide a rapid scan of the currently available Page 3 tools that they might consider as alternatives when wishing to answer a particular "spatial" research problem. The following introduction is intended to provide a broad introduction to some of the terms, concepts and theories that will be encountered throughout the book, although this should be read in conjunction with the introductory chapter of Volume 1.

These are concerned with spatial representations in the damaged human brain (the clinical approach), comparative studies of nonhuman spatial cognition, brain function and the recovery of spatial brain function (the neurobehavioural approach) and the evolution of spatial processes, addressing the ways in which spatial/navigational skills can be examined in natural conditions in animals inhabiting a variety of environmental niches (the ethological approach). The Clinical Approach As long ago as 1919, Holmes reported patients who could correctly identify objects, but were incapable of reaching accurately toward them, or describing the relative positions of two objects (Holmes, 1919).

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