By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design, Committee on Technologies to Deter Currency Counterfeiting
This can be certainly a extraordinary ebook. it isn't for the informal reader. you need to have a true curiosity within the applied sciences of paper cash production. There usually are not many folks. i'm faraway from comprehensive, yet i've got realized much and expect studying even more.
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Additional info for A Path to the Next Generation of U.S. Banknotes: Keeping Them Real
These new features—including security strips, watermarks, embedded fibers, and color-shifting ink, as well as microprinting, fine-line printing, and color printing—provide means for counterfeit deterrence and authentication as well as presenting difficulties for nonauthorized sources attempting to replicate the notes. 33 Staff members, Cummins-Allison Corporation, Mount Prospect, Ill. 2005. Discussions during a subcommittee visit, October 7. Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Department of the Treasury. 2003. The Use and Counterfeiting of United States Currency Abroad, Part 2. The second report to the Congress by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Advanced Counterfeit Deterrence Steering Committee, pursuant to Section 807 of Public Law 104-132. P. 60. gov/boarddocs/rptcongress/counterfeit2003. pdf>. Accessed February 2007. How Counterfeiting Works. htm>. Accessed February 2007. United States Department of the Treasury. 2000. The Use and Counterfeiting of United States Currency Abroad.
All rights reserved. S. html Understanding Counterfeiting 23 TABLE 2-1 Classes of Banknote Counterfeiter, Their Tools, General Location, and Impact Class Typical Practitioner Primary Tools Location Impact of Activity Primitive Unusually motivated individual Manual artistry Domestic or foreign Very low Opportunist Opportunistic young adult, typically works alone Home office equipment Domestic Created largest increase in $20 domestic-passed currency Petty criminal All ages, criminal intent, typically works alone Home office equipment plus specialty materials and processes Domestic Low, stable level of activity Professional criminal Criminal, trained in printing technology, often part of a criminal group Offset printing, highend ink-jet printers, specialty materials and processes Domestic or foreign Low, stable level of activity Statesponsored Professional, profiteer or terrorist, member of a large organization All materials and processes, including specialty paper, intaglio and offset printing, security features Foreign Strategic concern TABLE 2-2 Methods and Extent of Dissemination of Counterfeit Banknotes, by Class of Counterfeiter Class Production Level Stockpiling How Notes Are Passed Primitive Very small None Individually, by counterfeiter Opportunist Small, as needed None Individually, by counterfeiter or friends Petty criminal Small to moderate, often over years None to moderate Individually, by counterfeiter or criminal associates Professional criminal Large Large Through criminal networks State-sponsored Large Unknown, presumably large Through various legitimate and illegitimate networks, often by unwitting accomplices TABLE 2-3 Digital Technology Access, by Class of Counterfeiter Class Ink-Jet Printer All-in-One Device Color Copier Flatbed InkJet Printer Digital Press High-Quality Imaging Scanner Software Primitive Opportunist Petty criminal Professional criminal State-sponsored Not applicable—does not use digital technology.