Absentee and Early Voting by John C. Fortier

By John C. Fortier

Americans as soon as amassed at the first Tuesday after the 1st Monday in November to choose the nation's leaders. Election Day was once an afternoon of civic engagement while associates met on the polls after which solid their ballots. long ago twenty-five years, although, the United States has passed through a revolution in vote casting not like whatever it has skilled within the first two hundred years of its heritage. we now have created a process of many mini-election-days prime as much as the most event.

Today approximately 1 / 4 of usa citizens vote prior to Election Day, both through absentee poll or at early balloting locations. In 1980, just one in twenty electorate voted prior to Election Day. What has occurred? Has the benefit of absentee or early vote casting compromised the integrity of the method and weakened a unifying civic experience?

In Absentee and Early vote casting: traits, offers, and Perils, John Fortier files the dramatic elevate in absentee vote casting and, extra lately, the meteoric upward push in early vote casting. He examines the felony and ancient purposes for alterations within the vote casting procedure and the various modifications throughout states. Fortier deals his suggestions approximately what the alterations have intended for the rustic and the place we must always move from the following.

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5 percent of the vote in that period. Prior to 1980. There is little solid evidence for national rates of absentee voting prior to 1980. The following information is available for some presidential elections for the period, beginning with the 1860s: 34 ABSENTEE AND EARLY VOTING • In the early part of the twentieth century, historian Josiah Benton, who had himself voted in the field as a young soldier in the Civil War, made a series of estimates about the extent of absentee military voting in the 1864 presidential election.

It is worth noting, however, that nonvoters cited these reasons at substantially higher rates in midterm elections than in presidential elections. This seems to indicate that being busy is relative to the importance of the election. A busy person might feel a greater obligation to vote in a presidential election than a midterm. The Census Bureau responses by nonvoters point indirectly to the issue of voter convenience. It is likely that many voters encountered some of the same difficulties as nonvoters, but they were able to overcome them and cast votes.

9 percent of all votes cast away from traditional election-day polling places. 4% SOURCE: Author’s calculations. When Voters Cast Their Ballots in 2004 The National Election Study (NES) asks its respondents whether they voted on election day or before, and of those who voted before, it asks how far in advance they did so. 1 percent voted more than two weeks prior. 5 percent more than two weeks before election day (see table 2-6). Most early voting occurs in the week before the election. In 1996, about 62 percent of pre-election day voting took place in that week; in 2000 the figure was 61 percent, and in 2004 it was 57 percent.

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