Adam and Eve in the Armenian Traditions, Fifth Through by Michael E. Stone

By Michael E. Stone

The Adam and Eve tales are a foundational delusion within the Jewish and Christian worlds, and how they have been stated unearths very much approximately these doing the retelling. How did the Armenians retell those tales? What values do those retellings convey approximately women and men, their lifestyles on this planet, sin and redemption? awarded listed here are twelve hundred years of Armenian telling of the Genesis 1 three tales in an extraordinary number of all major narratives of Adam and Eve in Armenian literature prose and poetry, homilies and commentaries, calendary and mathematical texts from its inception within the 5th century to the 17th century. This seminal source contributes to the energetic present dialogue of ways biblical and apocryphal traditions have been retold, embroidered, and reworked into the lenses during which the Bible itself used to be learn.

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45. See also Stone 1987; and Hartman 1979. 46. Agat‘angełos 15. 6 below. 50 God commanded Adam not to eat of the tree, so that he could reward him. 51 Otherwise his obedience would not make him worthy of the ultimate reward, for human obedience was not built into the cosmic order as was the obedience of the luminaries. Yovhannēs Mandakuni’s writings exhibit the same view of Adam’s commandment. Instead of the Armenian word for “commandment,” which would reflect the biblical text, he uses the Armenian word for “fast” (պահք).

10. ”87 Nothing of this occurs in the early Armenian sources I examined. In Teaching of St. Gregory §273 (excerpt 19), Agat‘angełos makes a paradoxical claim, that Adam must have named the Creator before he named the animals. The ability to name, Agat‘angełos claims there, derives from Adam’s creation in the image, which imparts “wisdom, rationality and princely honour” to him. 7 The Type of Tree Certain texts identify the tree from which Adam and Eve ate as the fig tree. This is facilitated by the proximity of the description of the tree (Gen 3:6) to the 84.

1. 3 below). 0 The Garden of Eden The early Armenian texts do not put great stress on the the details of the Garden of Eden. 73 Yačaxapatum Čaṙk‘ reflects discussion about the nature of paradise. 74 The theological or intellectual context of this assertion is not clear from the other fifth-century Armenian texts I have examined, but we may infer from the formulation in Yačaxapatum Čaṙk‘ that such a context did exist. 2 God Showed Adam Two Trees Agat‘angełos says that God showed two trees to Adam.

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