By Gail Letzter, Kristin Lauter, Erin Chambers, Nancy Flournoy, Julia Elisenda Grigsby, Carla Martin, Kathleen Ryan, Konstantina Trivisa

Featuring the most recent findings in themes from around the mathematical spectrum, this quantity contains ends up in natural arithmetic in addition to a number new advances and novel functions to different fields reminiscent of chance, data, biology, and laptop technology. All contributions function authors who attended the organization for ladies in arithmetic study Symposium in 2015: this convention, the 3rd in a sequence of biennial meetings geared up by means of the organization, attracted over 330 members and showcased the examine of ladies mathematicians from academia, undefined, and government.

**Read Online or Download Advances in the Mathematical Sciences: Research from the 2015 Association for Women in Mathematics Symposium PDF**

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**Additional info for Advances in the Mathematical Sciences: Research from the 2015 Association for Women in Mathematics Symposium**

**Example text**

Zg+n φ(z1 ), . . , φ(zg+n ) and observe that Lφ ◦ Lψ = Lφ◦ψ when φ, ψ are composable. This yields a smooth map when φ is holomorphic in the chosen complex structures on Σi , but in general this naive construction only yields the correct map outside of the diagonal. 3. To each attaching circle α ⊂ Σ associate Lα ⊂ MΣ− × MΣ given by Lα := (z1 , . . , zg+n ) , (πα (z2 ), . . , πα (zg+n )) z1 ∈ α, z2 , . . , zg+n ∈ Σ α . Note that this naively constructed subset is not even closed, let alone a smooth submanifold.

G12 ◦ . . ◦ g( −1) according to a local Cerf move (f12 , . . , f(k−1)k ), (g12 , . . , g( ◦ ... −1) ) ∈ Cerf. The bordism categories Bor d+1 are the motivating example of categories with Cerf decompositions, with SMor and Cerf given by the simple cobordisms and Cerf 14 Throughout, we will use the term “composable chain” to denote ordered tuples of morphisms, in which each consecutive pair is composable, so that the entire tuple—by associativity of composition—has a well defined composition.

7 (Monoidal structures and gauge theory for disconnected surfaces). 2 can equally be applied to disconnected surfaces and cobordisms and intertwines the disjoint union on Bor 2+1 with a natural monoidal structure on the symplectic category—the Cartesian product: A (Σ Σ ) = A (Σ) × A (Σ ), L (Y Y ) = L (Y ) × L (Y ). 4, but it no longer holds in the gauge theoretic settings in which we actually obtain smooth, finite dimensional symplectic manifolds and Lagrangians. 5 become singular on disconnected surfaces.