Africa's experience with structural adjustment: proceedings by Kapil Kapoor, World Bank

By Kapil Kapoor, World Bank

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Extra resources for Africa's experience with structural adjustment: proceedings of the Harare seminar, May 23-24, 1994, Parts 63-288

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These six are Ghana, Tanzania, The Gambia, Burkina Page 9 Faso, Nigeria and Zimbabwe. Nine countries had a smaller improvement in policies and a smaller improvement in growth. Lastly, eleven countries suffered a deterioration in policies. As a group, these also had the poorest growth record. Among these are Cote d'Ivoire, Cameroon, Congo, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, and Zambia. If we look at the performance of these three groups of countries sector by sector, (Transparency 5) we see that the group that improved its macro-economic policies the most fared best not only in terms of GDP per capita, but also in terms of real export growth and industrial growth.

It was noted that in economies where Government expenditures were declining as a share of GDP, preserving the share of the social sectors in total expenditures was not adequate and usually implied decreasing real resources being allocated to these critical sectors. Furthermore, it was pointed out that most adjustment programs focused only on social sector expenditures and did not address the basic issue of access to services. In this context, the introduction of user-fees was proving very damaging, particularly with respect to the access by the poor to health services.

World Bank discussion papers ; 288) Includes bibliographical references.  Structural adjustment (Economic policy)AfricaCongresses.  Series. 96dc20 95-18883 CIP Page iii Contents Foreword v Abstract vii Overview of the Seminar Kapil Kapoor 1 Adjustment in Africa: Reforms, Results and the Road Ahead Miguel Kiguel and Christine Jones 7 Adjustment in Africa: Lessons from Country Case Studies Ishrat Husain 28 Zimbabwe's Experience with Structural Adjustment R. V. Wilde 41 Lessons of Adjustment from Zimbabwe A.

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