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A comparative examine which describes and analyses the contribution of agriculture to the economies of East Asia. beforehand, little cognizance has been paid to the rural zone which really underpins commercial and advertisement improvement. lately, this region has turn into the focal point of more and more sour monetary disputes, specifically over security and using import price lists.
A comparative framework is used, making use of case stories from Japan, Taiwan and South Korea to spotlight either the typical features of agriculture's function in East Asian improvement, and lines specific to the political financial system of agriculture in every one nation.
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Additional info for Agriculture and Economic Development in East Asia: From Growth to Protectionism in Japan, Korea and Taiwan
Agriculture is now seen as an important source of overall output growth, and major developing countries which were dependent on food aid and imports in the 1960s are now approaching self-sufficiency in basic foodstuffs. In addition, the agricultural sector is seen as having an important role to play in generating employment for the still rapidly growing labour forces of the Third World and the employment consequences of new agricultural technologies have been a matter of much concern. Finally, the need to discourage the migration of the rural population towards urban centres in search of industrial jobs, which are not being created, has led to examination of the value of rural industry and of the small-scale, informal business sector with its close links to the rural economy.
Like it or not, development is equated with industrialisation and the role of the farm household in the process has essentially been to discover ways of contributing its labour and output to the growth of the non-agricultural sector. In due course, therefore, in cases of successful industrialisation, agriculture is bound to become a declining and increasingly less significant area of economic activity. As incomes rise, smaller and smaller proportions of them are spent on food and the technical constraints on the growth of agricultural output make it increasingly difficult for farm households to match the income growth experienced by their urban industrial counterparts.
How far is this the consequence of the nature of the East Asian industrialisation strategy itself? How is it related to the technical and economic requirements of rice cultivation? What are its consequences for the internal economic and political structures of East Asian societies and for their relations with the outside world? In the light of these questions, the research on which this study is based focuses on the three East Asian countries with significant agricultural sectors that have achieved industrial country status, and deals with both the period during which that status was achieved and the period when the resulting adjustment problems emerged.