Alternatives to Athens: Varieties of Political Organization by R Brock, S Hodkinson

By R Brock, S Hodkinson

This quantity comprises eighteen essays via tested and more youthful historians that learn non-democratic substitute political structures and ideologies--oligarchies, monarchies, combined constitutions--along with assorted types of communal and neighborhood institutions resembling ethnoi, amphiktyonies, and confederacies. The papers, which span the size and breadth of the Hellenic global spotlight the sizeable political flexibility and variety of old Greek civilization.

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Furthermore, the di¶culty of determining the nature of the constitution of Samos before the popular uprising of 411 warns us how slippery and malleable constitutional labels could be in antiquity, as now: if it was For a survey of the two approaches to citizenship see Scafuro (1994); Moss‹e (1979) discusses ‘active’ and ‘passive’ citizenship and the theoretical reasons for Aristotle’s neglect of the latter. The nature of the Samian constitution between 439 and 411 is elusive: for recent discussions see Gomme, Andrewes, and Dover (1945–81) v.

The polis of Delphi could devote its energies both to local community needs and to those of both sanctuary and amphiktyony. In Achaea and Boeotia confederacies could form, dissolve, and then re-form. In Crete regional confederacies could emerge for finite 30 Roger Brock and Stephen Hodkinson periods before giving way to polis structures or to a pan-Cretan association. Poleis in Arcadia could acknowledge a common Arkadikon for at least a century before giving it a political shape, then quickly split it along ideological lines.

For earlier periods the main available evidence comes from archaeological survey, which presents the challenge and opportunity of examining long-term developments in the relationship between settlement histories, the use of space, and political organization. The longevity of many bigger and smaller sites in Macedonia and Thessaly suggests, she argues, that, far from the traditional image of ethn»e as loose-knit societies, these were states in which the regional and civic identity and institutions evident in later periods were developing strongly and in parallel from an early date.

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