By Teun Hoekstra
This ebook includes 14 articles by way of Teun Hoekstra (1953-1998) on center concerns in syntactic thought. a few articles specialise in the constitution of DP, others at the constitution of the sentence as a complete, whereas others nonetheless deal explicitly with the parallels among the 2. The papers are dispensed over 4 sections: "Argument structure", "T-chains", "The morphosyntax of verbal and nominal projections" and "Small clauses". greater than 1/2 the articles during this e-book are released right here for the 1st time or seem for the 1st time in English. Hoekstra's paintings is characterised through a basic curiosity within the significant questions of syntactic thought, so much significantly the relation among argument constitution and X-bar constitution. This targeted curiosity resulted in a deep figuring out of the concept of transitivity, with admire to either the prestige of the exterior argument and that of the inner argument, the place "status" refers to either the content material and the licensing. during this selection of papers, Hoekstra experiences on his insights in those concerns. so far as content material and licensing of the exterior argument is worried, this assortment comprises papers at the relation among passives and their energetic opposite numbers, the parallels among possessives and transitives and the diversities and similarities among earlier participles and infinitives. As to the inner argument, we discover papers addressing sentential complementation, verbal affixation and resultatives. and there's a entire part on stressful, and its function in conserving the sentence jointly. one of many papers during this assortment is Hoekstra's vintage, yet hitherto unpublished "Small clauses far and wide" (more than 70 pages), which summarizes Hoekstra's perspectives on such concerns as resultatives, particle verbs and double item buildings.
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Additional resources for Arguments and Structure: Studies on the Architecture of the Sentence
Section 9 deals with this issue in some detail. In the first few sections a number of properties of the IO – which I think any description of the Dutch language must account for – are discussed. I will 34 The indirect object: its status and place provide such an account as we go along. In section 5 the IO is related to causative constructions; here I closely follow Seuren (1973, 1975). It will be argued that certain simplifications and generalizations are made feasible by relating the IO in the constructions under consideration to a causative analysis with the help of lexical decomposition.
The possessive dative construction in (35), on the other hand, is the counterpart of the HAVE-type possessive construction, yielding the patterns in (37): Possessors (37) a. DPi BE DAT b. DPi 19 DPj NOM HAVE NOM DPj ACC The nominative, used by the possessed DPj in the BE-pattern, is used to license the possessor in the HAVE-pattern. In either case, an additional case is required: in the BE-pattern this is the dative, assigned to the possessor, in the HAVE-pattern this is the accusative, borne by the possessed.
44) BE [DP hemdat D … de handen vies Alternatively, this D-element may be incorporated into BE, yielding a suppletive lexicalization with HAVE. The possessor does not then receive dative case, and moves on to the subject position, where it receives nominative case: (45) Hiji S-Agr … BE+Dj [ ti tj … de handen vies z-----------m # # z--m While the case distribution in the HAVE-construction is relatively clear, if we assume that the incorporation of D licenses a case feature for an O-Agr dominating HAVE, it remains unclear in what way the possessed object in the BE-patterns is checked for nominative case.