By Jan-Henrik Petermann
The finish of the chilly struggle has brought on many donors of reputable improvement counsel (ODA) to essentially realign their international reduction and alternate kinfolk. regardless of fresh development in untying ODA and a couple of comparable efforts to reinforce the final potency of overseas cooperation with the poorest nations, it is still unexplained why a few OECD states have liberalised their bilateral programmes to a substantial volume – while others have endured to exploit international reduction as a way to advertise family exports. Jan-Henrik Petermann widens the scope of earlier macro-analyses of ‘system-driven’ reorientations in tying practices within the wake of 1989/90, inquiring into donors’ nationwide parameters of policy-making on the strategic nexus among exterior alternate and foreign improvement.
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Additional resources for Between Export Promotion and Poverty Reduction: The Foreign Economic Policy of Untying Official Development Assistance
From a ‘purist’ FPA vantage point, global aid politics remained mainly driven by strategic and commercial motivations throughout the 1980s since ‘some of the major donors – particularly the United States – have been using bilateral aid more openly as an instrument of foreign policy […]. : 892). It was only after the dissolution of the Soviet Union that an irrevocable descriptive trend of progressive and sustained untying of aid became clearly visible. This lagged development makes a comparative test of the validity of ‘donor interest’ and ‘recipient need’ motives before and after 1989/90 all the more warranted.
The case for an FPA perspective on the politics of untying aid is legitimised by the fact that ‘the economic development of a country is one aspect of the overall […] interest in that country and has to be meshed with the totality of […] foreign policy toward that country’ (Huntington, 1970-1971: 183). The main focus is placed on the external behaviour of governments and the foreign policy executives of nation-states; they ‘hold the key to political coherence at the level of international politics […] as well as in national politics’ (Forster/Stokke, 1999a: 43).
After exhibiting the ontological and epistemological foundations of the study, a critical review of economic, public choice and FPA approaches to the explanation of tying behaviour and earlier research on its political and economic consequences in recipient and donor countries is given (Chapter 3). ). The rival theoretical approaches used to prepare the construction of exact hypotheses are laid out in Chapter 4. First, the main theoretical arguments advanced by models of ‘donor interest’ will be discussed, to be followed by a summary of the major tenets of ‘recipient need’ perspectives on international aid and trade relations.