Between Philology and Theology: Contributions to the Study by Florentino Garcia Martinez

By Florentino Garcia Martinez

Florentino García Martínez illuminates the nexus among philology and theology. The essays have interaction historical Jewish texts corresponding to Philo, the lifeless Sea Scrolls, Jubilees, four Ezra and the Targumim, and concentrate on how old Jewish writers interpreted and reworked biblical traditions and the way those new interpretations form theological strategies.

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VanderKam, The Book of Jubilees: A Critical Text (CSCO 510; Scriptores Aethiopici 87; Leuven: Peeters, 1989). the foreskins of angels 29 The Latin translation of Jubilees, partly conserved in C 73, a palimpsest from the Ambrosian Library of Milan published by Ceriani,40 has a slightly different text from which the circumcision of angels is missing. The Latin text is: Quoniam omnis41 angeli uultuus et omnes archangeli benedictionis a diebus creaturae ipsorum coram angelorum uultuus42 et angelorum sanctificationis sanctificauit israhel ut esset simul cum ipso et cum angelis sanctorum ipsius.

This survey proves that the data of the biblical text were brought up to date and read in the light of the geographical knowledge of later periods. But in the case of the ancient interpretations in Jubilees and the Genesis Apocryphon, the text of Genesis is completely reinterpreted in terms of the theology peculiar to these works. 1 Although in Gen 10:1 the names of the sons of Noah appear in the traditional sequence: Shem, Ham and Japheth, the list of their descendants is in the reverse order: Japheth (10:2–5), Ham (10:6–20) and Shem (10:21–31), a detail that is significant, as we shall see.

5 See the commentary by S. Chialà, Libro delle parabole di Enoc (Studi Biblici 117; Brescia: Paideia, 1997), 130–34. For recent discussion on the Book of Parables see the collection of articles in G. : Eerdmans, 2007). the foreskins of angels 19 the Animal Apocalypse (1 En. 85–90) in which the various protagonists are symbolised by different animals, there is a more graphic allusion to the same myth. Here, the emphasis is on the masculinity of the fallen angels, symbolised as “stars”: And again I saw in the vision, and I looked to heaven, and look, I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven to that first star.

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