By United Nations
This ebook commemorating the 40th anniversary of the institution of UNCTAD exhibits how UNCTAD´s paintings has advanced and identifies a number of the significant highbrow contributions that the association has made when it comes to either analytical perspectives and coverage proposals. In a thought-provoking preface to the booklet, Mr. Rubens Ricupero, offers his own reflections on his 9 years at UNCTAD as Secretary-General.
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Additional resources for Beyond Conventional Wisdom in Development Policy: An Intellectual History of UNCTAD 1964-2004
Its ultimate objective was to help integrate all developing countries into the world economy in a manner that enhanced their development process. In the words of Rubens Ricupero, the Secretary-General of UNCTAD, “developing countries have become the most dynamic force in the growth of the world economy and trade. There is no doubt that the new locomotive of the international economy and the gate for a new push in world trade will be the developing countries. This is an additional reason for giving a new lease of life and greater prestige to the GSTP” (UNCTAD, 2000a).
Those matters were beyond the limits of the few “areas pragmatically chosen on account of their capacity to inspire a widelyshared consensus, one that makes possible painful changes in national law challenging entrenched economic interests”. The argument sounds reasonable and moderate, finding an elegant expression in the following words: “This conservatism and caution allowed the more limited GATT to mature gradually and to gain the momentum and respect required to make it work”. : 56-57). The paragraph says nothing of the incongruity of the fact that the Uruguay Round set of rules did include “extraneous” issues such as the TRIPS agreement on intellectual property, whose relations to trade are doubtful at best, but failed in liberalizing trade in agricultural goods and in outlawing agricultural subsidies, which should be at the very heart of trade liberalization from the start.
In 1955, at the twentieth session of ECOSOC, a draft resolution to that effect was submitted by the Soviet Union: which proposed “setting up within the framework of the United Nations an international organisation which would facilitate the development of international trade relations and thereby raise the level of living of the peoples and mitigate the tension in international relations”. This initiative subsequently received support from developing countries, particularly in the Cairo Declaration adopted at the Conference on Problems of Economic Development (918 July 1962), which in turn led to a recommendation by ECOSOC in 1962 that a UN Conference on Trade and Development be convened.