Buddhist Manuscript Cultures: Knowledge, Ritual and Art by Stephe Berkwitz

By Stephe Berkwitz

Buddhist Manuscript Cultures explores how non secular and cultural practices in premodern Asia have been formed by means of literary and inventive traditions in addition to via Buddhist fabric tradition. This learn of Buddhist texts makes a speciality of the importance in their fabric types instead of their doctrinal contents, and examines how and why they have been made. jointly, the e-book deals cross-cultural and comparative insights into the transmission of Buddhist wisdom and using texts and photographs as ritual gadgets within the inventive and aesthetic traditions of Buddhist cultures. Drawing on case reviews from India, Gandhara, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Mongolia, China and Nepal, the chapters incorporated examine the variety of pursuits and values linked to generating and utilizing written texts, and the jobs manuscripts and photographs play within the transmission of Buddhist texts and in fostering devotion between Buddhist groups. Contributions are by way of reputed students in Buddhist experiences and characterize diversified disciplinary methods from spiritual reports, artwork heritage, anthropology, and background. This ebook should be of curiosity to students and scholars operating in those fields.

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Berkwitz, Juliane Schober, and Claudia Brown subjected to endless rewriting, making variance the primary characteristic of such texts and rendering traditional philological methods of editing manuscripts suspect. By contrast, the New Philology sought to focus on intertextuality and the diversity of readings evidenced in different textual witnesses (see Cerquiglini 1999). New Philology portrayed itself as a return to the medieval origins of philology with its roots in a manuscript culture and asserted the importance of manuscripts as material artifacts that were produced in concert with various visual images and annotations by entire sets of artists and artisans who projected their social attitudes and rivalries into manuscripts (Nichols 1990: 1, 7).

2; p. 214, fig. 3 [reproduced here as fig. a, showing the location of funerary urns, indicated by “U”. From Z. Tarzi and D. , Art et archéologie des monastères gréco-bouddhiquea du Nord-Ouest de l’Inde et de l Asie centrale, Paris: De Boccard, 2005; p. 214, fig. 3. (Courtesy Z. ) Why did the Gandh¯aran Buddhists bury their manuscripts? a area are true, they may well have originally been set in a similar position in some st¯upa-monastery complex. However, it is also possible that the pots containing manuscripts were interred within the main st¯upa court, in one of the small st¯upas which typically surround the central st¯upa in Gandh¯aran complexes.

Ka era remains controversial, the most likely hypothesis, in or around ad 127/8, would place this inscription at about ad 140. Moreover, such a dating has been supported by recent radiocarbon testing of the Senior scrolls (Allon, Salomon, Jacobsen, and Zoppi 2006). However, more importantly in connection with the main topic of this article, the phrasing of the inscription implies that the donor or sponsor of the deposit considered the manuscripts to be functionally equivalent to bodily relics of the Buddha.

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