By C.A. Tsakiridou
Icons in Time, individuals in Eternity offers a severe, interdisciplinary exam of up to date theological and philosophical reports of the Christian photo and redefines this in the Orthodox culture via exploring the ontological and aesthetic implications of Orthodox ascetic and mystical theology. It unearths Modernist curiosity within the aesthetic peculiarity of icons major, and crucial for re-evaluating their dating to non-representational artwork. Drawing on classical Greek artwork feedback, Byzantine ekphraseis and hymnography, and the theologies of St. Maximus the Confessor, St. Symeon the hot Theologian and St. Gregory Palamas, the writer argues that the traditional Greek suggestion of enargeia most sensible conveys the expression of theophany and theosis in paintings. The features that outline enargeia - inherent liveliness, expressive autonomy and self-subsisting shape - are pointed out in exemplary Greek and Russian icons and regarded within the context of the hesychastic theology that lies on the center of Orthodox Christianity. An Orthodox aesthetics is hence defined that acknowledges the transcendent being of paintings and is open to discussion with diversified pictorial and iconographic traditions. An exam of Ch’an (Zen) artwork idea and a comparability of icons with work via Wassily Kandinsky, Pablo Picasso, Mark Rothko and Marc Chagall, and by means of jap artists inspired via Zen Buddhism, show fascinating issues of convergence and distinction. The reader will locate in those pages purposes to reconcile Modernism with the Christian photograph and Orthodox culture with inventive shape in artwork.