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Extra resources for Classical Philosophy. Collected Papers: Aristotle's Ethics
These are dry, moist, hot and cold, and touch has the same grasp of these. It is reasonable, therefore that of the senses the very first and most universal is touch, and that without this none of the others can be. Translation 39 413b11-13 For the present let it suffice to say only that the soul is the source of all132 these things that have been said and is defined by them, that which nourishes, that which perceives, that which thinks,133 change. Those who want to make all soul immortal say that that which nourishes, that which augments and the like are activities of soul which, they say, Aristotle too says are inseparable, but the soul and the powers from which these activities proceed, these are separable.
For Aristotle brings all under one of these opposites, I mean the sweet and Translation 31 the sour. But touch is concerned with a plurality of oppositions that are not subordinated one to another. It is concerned with hot and cold, moist and dry, hard and soft, heavy and light, rare and thick, which cannot be subordinated one to another. So because the account of touch is problematic, and one should not start from things that are doubtful, he did not start from that. Since, then, it happens that with the parts of the vegetative and perceiving soul what is more perfect and primary by nature is also clearer to us, it is reasonable for him to start his teaching from that.
Let there be an oblong area having one side of eight cubits and the other of two. Clearly the whole is of 16 [square] cubits. For every quadrilateral is measured by multiplying side by side. If, therefore, we wish to make a square equal to this oblong area, so as to be 16 cubits, the size the oblong was, we must find the mean proportional of the two sides of the oblong, so that it may have that ratio to the greater side, which was of 8 cubits, which  the side of the oblong which was of 2 cubits has to it, the mean.