By Bogopolski O., et al. (eds.)

This quantity assembles numerous examine papers in all components of geometric and combinatorial workforce idea originated within the fresh meetings in Dortmund and Ottawa in 2007. It comprises top of the range refereed articles developping new facets of those glossy and lively fields in arithmetic. it's also applicable to complicated scholars drawn to fresh effects at a study point.

**Read or Download Combinatorial and geometric group theory: Dortmund and Ottawa-Montreal conf. PDF**

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Brinkmann equals one [Gan59]. For an edge Ei in Hr , the eigenvector vr has an entry li > 0 corresponding to Ei . We choose a metric on G such that Ei is isometric to an interval of length li , and such that edges in zero strata or in polynomially growing strata are isometric to an interval of length one. For a path ρ, we denote its length by L(ρ). Note that if the endpoints of ρ are vertices, then the number of edges in ρ provides a lower bound for L(ρ). Moreover, if f is an absolute train track map, then f expands the length of legal paths by the factor λ.

4). Given an improved train track map f : G → G, we construct a metric on G. If Hr is an exponentially growing stratum, then its transition matrix Mr has a unique positive left eigenvector vr (corresponding to λr ) whose smallest entry 24 P. Brinkmann equals one [Gan59]. For an edge Ei in Hr , the eigenvector vr has an entry li > 0 corresponding to Ei . We choose a metric on G such that Ei is isometric to an interval of length li , and such that edges in zero strata or in polynomially growing strata are isometric to an interval of length one.

If σ is a circuit in G, then i N L f# (σ) ≤ K L(σ) + L f# (σ) . 2. If ρ is a path in G that starts and ends at vertices, then i N (ρ) ≤ K L(ρ) + L f# (ρ) L f# . Given the improved relative train track map f : G → G, the constant K can be computed. 9 in Section 5 and Section 6. 9. 1. Let φ : F → F be an automorphism of a ﬁnitely generated free group F = x1 , . . , xn . , there exists some K ≥ 1 such that for all 0 ≤ i ≤ N and w ∈ F , we have Nk ||φik # (w)|| ≤ K ||w|| + ||φ# (w)|| , where we compute lengths with respect to the generators x1 , .