Conceiving the Empire: China and Rome Compared by Achim Mittag, Fritz-Heiner Mutschler

By Achim Mittag, Fritz-Heiner Mutschler

The essays in Conceiving the Empire discover the psychological photographs, rules, and symbolical representations of `empire' which constructed within the strongest political entities of antiquity: China and Rome. whereas the valuable concentration is on historiography, different similar fields also are explored: geography and cartography, epigraphy, artwork and structure, and, extra mostly, political suggestion and the historical past of principles. Written by way of a collaborative crew of specialists in Sinology and Classical reports, the amount focuses the eye of the rising self-discipline of East-West cross-cultural reviews on a necessary characteristic of the traditional Mediterranean and chinese language worlds: the emergence of `empire' and the iconic effect of the `imperial' order.

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Ibid. 39. 20 Albrecht Dihle to buy voters and to stand their political rivalries. Cicero knew of this disease, but he seems to have been convinced that it could be healed, as a predominantly moral shortcoming, in the traditional frame of the republic. He gave the Wrst rank to Rome’s mixed constitution and stressed the democratic element thereof,40 the stronghold of civic liberty in his view, but also the decisive role of the statesman of outstanding moral qualities. This is reminiscent of Greek philosophy.

He bestows peace and welfare to his subjects, thus imitating his cosmic prototype. Similarly, the king rules with the aid of servants and messengers. This is pointed out, for instance, in a treatise of the Wrst century ad falsely attributed to Aristotle. The conception of the ruler imitating the cosmic god occurs in a considerable number of books on kingship. 25 Thus, the idea of the divine ruler and his claim to world domination became even philosophically justiWed. Yet this ideology, useful as it was for Hellenistic kings and Roman emperors, did not correspond to the tradition of the Polis, so deeply rooted in the Greek mind.

Kunkel, Wolfgang, Herkunft und soziale Stellung der ro¨mischen Juristen. 2nd edn. Wien/Ko¨ln/Weimar (Bo¨hlau) 1967. —— and Wittmann, Roland, Staatsordnung und Staatspraxis der ro¨mischen Repuplik, vol. 2). Mu¨nchen (Beck) 1995. Lampe, Peter, Die stadtro¨mischen Christen in den ersten beiden Jahrhunderten. Tu¨bingen (Mohr/Siebeck) 1987. Meyer, Ernst, Einfu¨hrung in die antike Staatskunde. 6th edn. Darmstadt (Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft) 1992. , Geschichte der griechischen Religion, vol. 2).

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