Nature - Red in Tooth and Claw - Theism and the Prob. of by M. Murray

By M. Murray

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From the Hardcover version.

Extra resources for Nature - Red in Tooth and Claw - Theism and the Prob. of Animal Suffering

Sample text

If we think that things are more likely to be as they are if Hypothesis 1 is correct than they are if Hypothesis 2 is correct then, all other things being equal, it is more reasonable to believe Hypothesis 1 over Hypothesis 2. The last time I was in Boston I happened to be outside of Fenway Park at the end of a Red Sox game. Throngs of fans poured out, many of them with Red Sox shirts and caps on. In addition, there was a small handful of fans wearing Yankees caps and shirts. Fans with Red Sox caps on looked depressed and dejected.

Let U stand for the claim that ‘there are some, perhaps many, types of good that God knows of but with which we are unacquainted’. 5. But why should we think this when a number of analogous conditional probabilities are low or zero. Consider U1: ‘There are some, perhaps many, simple mathematical truths which God knows but with which we are unacquainted’, or U2: ‘There are some, perhaps many, ways in which chess pieces can move that God knows but with which we are unacquainted’, or U3: ‘There are some, perhaps many, types of salmon of which God is aware, but with which we are unacquainted’, etc.

Problems of and Explanations for Evil 31 1 . 4 T H E A RG U M E N T F RO M D I S T R I BU T I O N As mentioned earlier there is more than one way of formulating the Evidential Argument from evil. The Direct Evidential Argument took as its evidence the existence of particular instances of evil which, as far as we can make out, occur for morally permissible reasons. A second and more recent form of the Evidential Argument takes as its starting point the general pattern or distribution of evil. In other words, the inspiration for this argument comes not from considering a case of apparently pointless evil and concluding that there is likely no God.

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