By R. Solow
The relation among structural reform and macroeconomic coverage underlies the common conception that the massive ecu economies have under-performed long ago decade compared either with their very own criteria and with the contemporaneous functionality of the USA. This e-book, edited by means of Noel Laureate Robert M. Solow, presents analyses of ways those economies may take a coordinated and simultaneous method of reform in hard work and product markets and the call for aspect.
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Additional info for Structural Reform and Economic Policy (International Economic Association)
So the sophisticated textbook story goes only part of the way toward real business cycle theory. It allows for a short-term response to ﬁscal policy, in the conventional direction. But it shares the strong equilibrium orientation, with a slightly more reasonable account of the nature of equilibrium. I do not think one can dismiss this account as simply implausible; but I think there are grounds for being quite sceptical about this model as a guide to macroeconomic policy. I mention three reasons.
Romer (1991) New Keynesian Economics (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press), vols 1 and 2. MGI (2002) Productivity Performance in France and Germany – Understanding its Drivers, Including the Role of IT (Frankfurt and Paris: McKinsey Global Institute). Nickell, S. (1996) ‘Competition and Corporate Performance’, Journal of Political Economy, vol. 104, pp. 724–46. Nickell, S. (1999) ‘Product Markets and Labour Markets’, Labour Economics, vol. 6, pp. 1–20. Peretto, P. (2000) ‘Market Power, Growth and Unemployment’, Duke University, Working Paper, no.
In general an automatic stabilizer is thus an already established public-policy mechanism that tends to offset autonomous (and perhaps other) changes in aggregate demand in either direction. (One could discuss the merits of automatic stabilizers Robert M. ) The main points I want to make have their origin in the US experience. I apologize for being so provincial in this respect, but it is in a sense unavoidable. One of those points is that the extent of automatic stabilization in a national or regional economy emerges more or less inadvertently from decisions made in the allocation and distribution branches of the public-policy apparatus.