By Simon Feeny
This booklet examines how foreign relief donors and Non-Governmental companies (NGOs) may help international locations within the Asia-Pacific zone in achieving the Millennium improvement targets. The ebook examines the growth nations have made in the direction of the MDGs and highlights the necessity to tailor the targets to person nation circumstances.
Read or Download The Millennium Development Goals and Beyond: International Assistance to the Asia-Pacific (Rethinking International Development) PDF
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Extra resources for The Millennium Development Goals and Beyond: International Assistance to the Asia-Pacific (Rethinking International Development)
These challenges are discussed in turn. Allocation across country How foreign aid is allocated can have important implications for the achievement of the MDGs. Arguably, greater assistance should be provided to those countries which are most off-track to their achievement. 2 1990 Net ODA/GNI Pacific (%) 14 countries that use aid most effectively. These countries were identiﬁed in section 3 and might include countries with good policies and strong institutions. In 2006, DAC members of the OECD provided almost US$104 billion in ODA.
Foreign aid in the form of appropriate policy advice can also help recipient governments create a domestic environment conducive to the private sector and foreign investment which will raise employment and spur economic growth. Further, increasing the level of human capital should also lead to higher growth rates. A large body of recent work suggests that, on average, aid works. That is, the vast majority of recent studies ﬁnd that aid is effective at spurring growth in developing countries. , 2006 for a recent review of numerous 1 Economists have long recognised that poverty reduction is the main objective of foreign aid programmes.
Estimates of how much aid is required to achieve the MDGs by 2015 are explored in section 4 followed by an examination of how much aid is currently allocated to the Asia-Paciﬁc region in section 5. Section 6 looks at how donors should allocate aid across countries in the region in order for their aid to be most effective. Section 7 discusses how the quality of foreign aid can be improved before the chapter concludes with a number of policy implications in section 8. 2 What is foreign aid? Foreign aid relates to assistance provided to developing countries.