By Lizhong Xie
De-politicizing problems with ethnicity is a brand new theoretical method of learn ethnic questions actively propounded and elaborated through Professor Ma Rong of Sociology division of Peking collage long ago ten years. within the contemporary years, this theoretical process has aroused biggish responses from the educational neighborhood in Mainland China, the suitable govt departments, and most people. it truly is prone to elicit full of life discussions within the years forward.
The booklet comprises 8 chosen chapters which symbolize the most contributions to the controversy. the 1st bankruptcy by means of Ma Rong is the major paper the place in he lays out his major principles and arguments. the remainder chapters care for either optimistic and adverse responses to the 1st bankruptcy, and his replies to them.
Readership: lecturers, graduates, undergraduate scholars, and execs drawn to China's ethnic concerns and de-politicization problems with ethnicity.
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Extra resources for De-Politicization of Ethnic Questions in China
Yet, they adopted a discriminating attitude toward the “barbarian” groups. The foundation of such discrimination, however, was “cultural superiority” rather than “racial superiority”. Behind this superiority was a ﬂexible and dialectic view that accepted “barbarian” groups to be “civilized” through acculturation. Following the principle of “teaching without discrimination”, it was the Chinese cultural tradition to transform the “uncivilized” minorities into “civilized” members of society through acculturation rather than military conquest.
Minority groups were treated as political units and thus “politicized”. At the macro level, political entities such as “Soviet republics”, “autonomous republics” or “autonomous states” led to the establishment of autonomous administrations and the identiﬁcation of nationalities or ethnic groups connected with their own territory. These groups thus became “territorialized”, which implied “a nation”. At the micro level, in the 1930s, a “nationality recognition” campaign was implemented, and every resident’s “nationality status” was identiﬁed and formally registered in his/her internal passport.
But it should be noticed that the idea of “cultural racism” also emerged among the ethnic groups and their elites throughout the historical interactions among the groups. Sometimes, when the central government was weak, while ethnic minorities became a fatal threat to the Han group, then “barbarians” were viewed as the enemy who could not be “civilized” and become a part of China. For instance, during the late Qing dynasty when the western and Japanese invasions became a fatal threat to China’s independence and culture, racism among the Han elites became very strong.