Advances in Genetics, Vol. 5 by M. Demerec (Ed.)

By M. Demerec (Ed.)

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These have segregated in their correct proportions with the exception of one which produced 8 repandata and 11 heterozygotes, but no homozygous conversaria, which suggests that this genotype is sometimes defective. Cockayne repwts a large count of wild specimens in ROSS, northwest Scotland, amounting to 480 repandata, 141 heterozygotes, and 5 homozygous conversaria. Considering the small numbers of the latter class, no importance can be attached to the slight excess of heterozygotes over expectation.

A high annual turnover within the population is evident in all the species of rodents and other small mammals that have been studied. The estimates grouped in Table 1 suggest that in a given population of these animals not more than 676 will usually survive as much as a year. These significantly are all small animals that constitute a major part of the food supply of predatory birds, reptiles, and mammals. There is additional convincing evidence to support the' argument that in nature small mammals live out only a small fraction of their potential life span.

Is the triple heterozygote nnpprr. This is an exceedingly abundant and widespread European (and British) species. I ts three genes so f a r studied apparently assort independently. It must be admitted that the data are not complete enough to exclude a loose linkage, but the large number of chromosomes in the Lepidoptera makes this inherently unlikely. Bovey (1941) has undertaken a detailed investigation of the geo- 50 E. B. 8. graphical variation and genetics of Zygaenu ephialtes L. (Zygaenidae) This is found throughout Europe, including southern Russia, but excluding the Scandinavian countries, Britain, and the Iberian Peninsula.

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