By Simon C. Smith
Britain's courting with the Gulf area continues to be one of many few unexplored episodes within the examine of British decolonization. the choice, introduced in 1968, to depart the Gulf inside of 3 years represented an particular reputation by way of Britain that its 'East of Suez' position was once at an finish. This e-book examines the decision-making strategy which underpinned this reversal and considers the interplay among British decision-making, and native responses and tasks, in shaping the fashionable Gulf. utilizing resources formerly unavailable to students, Britain's Revival and Fall within the Gulf is a useful addition to the reviews at the sleek Gulf.
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Britain's courting with the Gulf sector is still one of many few unexplored episodes within the learn of British decolonization. the choice, introduced in 1968, to go away the Gulf inside of 3 years represented an specific popularity via Britain that its 'East of Suez' position used to be at an finish. This ebook examines the decision-making method which underpinned this reversal and considers the interplay among British decision-making, and native responses and projects, in shaping the trendy Gulf.
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Extra info for Britain's Revival and Fall in the Gulf: Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, and the Trucial States, 1950-71 (Routledgecurzon Studies in the Modern History of the Middle East, 1)
36 Whatever Trevaskis told his masters on his return, the Conservative leader, Edward Heath, soon began making the case for the retention of British forces in the Gulf. 40 With Heath ensconced in Number 10 the debate about the merits and demerits of reversal was reignited. During Heath’s visit to the Gulf in 1969, British ofﬁcials identiﬁed two principal objections to a major volte-face in the policy of withdrawal: the likely removal of the Rulers’ incentive to pursue unity and the provocation of hostile forces both within and without the Gulf to drive out British forces and topple the existing regimes.
35 With the election of a Conservative government in Britain in June 1970, nevertheless, the possibility of extending the British presence beyond the end of 1971 was raised. Towards the end of 1968, the former Governor of Aden, Sir Kennedy Trevaskis, toured the Gulf, ostensibly on business but in fact using his 34 Britain’s departure from the Gulf visit to gather information for the Conservatives. ‘Heaven knows what report Trevaskis will turn in to the Conservative Party on his return to London’, expostulated Bahrain’s Political Agent, A.
In the future, argued Richmond, Britain would have to rely ‘solely on normal commercial procedures backed by increasing international inter-dependence, for the uninterrupted supply of oil’. Taking a calculated swipe at Luce, Richmond concluded with this peroration: ‘I do not believe, as he appears to do, that in the second half of the twentieth century you can dig oil with bayonets’. The Treasury was also sceptical about the effectiveness of Britain’s military structure in preserving oil supplies from the Gulf.