Discovering Eve: Ancient Israelite Women in Context by Carol Meyers

By Carol Meyers

This groundbreaking learn seems to be past biblical texts, that have had a robust effect over our perspectives of women's roles and value, which will reconstruct the common daily lives of ladies in historic Israel. Meyers argues that biblical assets on my own don't provide a real photo of old Israelite girls simply because city elite men wrote nearly all of the scriptural texts and the tales of girls within the Bible challenge extraordinary contributors instead of usual Israelite girls. examining the biblical fabric in gentle of modern archaeological discoveries approximately rural village existence in historical Palestine, Meyers depicts Israelite ladies no longer as submissive chattel in an oppressive patriarchy, yet particularly as robust and important actors inside their households and society.

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In such situations, large families brought status and honor as well as material benefits to both parents. Can one legitimately talk about male exploitation of female reproduction in such situations? The dynamics of gender hierarchy, as I understand them, are historically specific. The concept of patriarchy is thus misleading unless it recognizes and deals with variations across time. If the idea of patriarchy is not fluid or flexible, then it may not be applicable to other or ancient modes of social life.

Although he found no society in which women totally dominated men, he warned that the absence of evidence of female dominance did not automatically mean absolute domination of women by men. Many scholars assume that discrete aspects of the status of women vary in relationship to each other. If women appear to be discriminated against or devalued in one item of consideration, it follows that they will be widely devalued also in other areas of social life. Whyte's study revealed that such a common supposition on correlations is neither obvious nor necessary.

In her theoretical summary of the articles in the landmark anthology of feminist scholarship, Women, Culture, and Society,*5 Rosaldo defines authority as the culturally legitimated right to make decisions and command obedience. With respect to male-female relations, it is seen formally as male dominance and female compliance. Power refers to the ability to effect control despite or independent of official authority. Regardless of legal status, power is the influence that females have in gender-related behavior.

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